सर्वगुह्यतमं भूय: शृणु मे परमं वच: |
इष्टोऽसि मे दृढमिति ततो वक्ष्यामि ते हितम् || 64||
sarva-guhyatamaṁ bhūyaḥ śhṛiṇu me paramaṁ vachaḥ
iṣhṭo ‘si me dṛiḍham iti tato vakṣhyāmi te hitam
sarva-guhya-tamam—the most confidential of all; bhūyaḥ—again; śhṛiṇu—hear; me—by me; paramam—supreme; vachaḥ—instruction; iṣhṭaḥ asi—you are dear; me—to me; dṛiḍham—very; iti—thus; tataḥ—because; vakṣhyāmi—I am speaking; te—for your; hitam—benefit
(O Arjuna !) Listen again to My supreme word, the profoundest of all. You are dear to me and faithful. Therefore I shall tell you what is for your good.
The Lord uses superlative expression to bring out the great importance and signigicance of the profound secret which he now reveals to Arjuna.
Bhuyah: (again) – Out of compassion for the disciple, the Lord repeats what He has already said. Such repetition is no fault. The great Master is most anxious that his disciple should understand the essence of his teaching.
Paramam vachah: (Supreme word). The Lord says that he is speaking out the highest truth, and explaining the most profound secret. One can understand what degree of faith the disciple should have and with what concentrated attention he should hear the words of the Lord.
Ishtosi: (You are dear to me). The aim of the disciple first of all should be to win the love of the Master. Knowledge would follow automatically by the grace of the Master. With first thing love the Master teaches, and with faith the disciple receives knowledge. Therefore the first thing that a disciple should do is to serve the master in every possible way and win his affection and love. By respectaful obedience, by prostration, by personal service, and by humly questioning, the disciple receives the highest knowledge from the Master who offers it to his beloved disciple with love and affection. Spiritual knowledge cannot be purchased or bought by wealth or worldly position or greatness. It is the Master’s gift of love to his disciple.
Arjuna is a true devotee. So he is dear to the Lord. When the mind becomes ripe with true devotion, the Master comes and confers knowledge on his disciple. God leads the disciple to the Master or the Master himself comes in search of the disciple. No true seeker need be disheartened that he is not able to find the Master. The Master would come to him at the appointed time and initiate him into the secrets of spiritual knowledge. Therefore the real seeker should fill his mind with devotion, train himself in the methods of self-control and live a pure life. When such preparation is complete, the Master simply opens the heart of the disciple, and the highest Truth so far concealed in him is revealed to him in a flash.
The Sastras are very clear on this point. They have repeatedly declared that without God’s grace and the grace of the Teacher, no one can attain spiritual knowledge.
Question: What is the nature of the Lord’s teaching to Arjuna?
Answer: It is the highest and the most profound secret.
Question: Why does the Lord offer it to Arjuna?
Answer: Because Arjuna was a true devotee.
Bhagavad Gita: Chapter 18 🔻 (78 Verses)