न तदस्ति पृथिव्यां वा दिवि देवेषु वा पुन: |
सत्त्वं प्रकृतिजैर्मुक्तं यदेभि: स्यात्त्रिभिर्गुणै: || 40||
na tad asti pṛithivyāṁ vā divi deveṣhu vā punaḥ
sattvaṁ prakṛiti-jair muktaṁ yad ebhiḥ syāt tribhir guṇaiḥ
na—no; tat—that; asti—exists; pṛithivyām—on earth; vā—or; divi—the higher celestial abodes; deveṣhu—amongst the celestial gods; vā—or; punaḥ—again; sattvam—existence; prakṛiti-jaiḥ—born of material nature; muktam—liberated; yat—that; ebhiḥ—from the influence of these; syāt—is; tribhiḥ—three; guṇaiḥ—modes of material nature
There is no being, either on the earth or in Heaven among the Devas, who is freed from the three qualities (Gunas) arising from Prakriti (Maya).
The Lord declared that there is no being anywhere in the three worlds, who is free from these three gunas. The Gods are also subject to these gunas. Only the Jivanmukta transcends the three gunas. So, to go to Heaven does not solve the problem of bondage. The Devas are also bound by the three Gunas, and are not freed from the operation of the law of Prakriti. Some time or other they too have to acquire the knowledge of Atman and get liberation.
Prakritijaih: From this, it is clear that the source of the three Gunas is Prakriti or Maya (ignorance). Contact with any one of these Gunas brings man under the power of Prakriti. Therefore the seeker should transcend Rajas and Tamas by unceasing personal effort, enter the region of Sattva and thereafter attain the transcendental Atmic State. That is Moksha.
Question: From where are born the three Gunas?
Answer: From Prakriti ( Maya ).
Question: Is there any being free from these Gunas?
Answer: No. (except the Jivanmukta)
Question: Does this apply to beings in other worlds?
Answer: Yes, Even the Devas are subject to the three Gunas.
Bhagavad Gita: Chapter 18 🔻 (78 Verses)