सुखं त्विदानीं त्रिविधं शृणु मे भरतर्षभ |
अभ्यासाद्रमते यत्र दु:खान्तं च निगच्छति || 36||
sukhaṁ tv idānīṁ tri-vidhaṁ śhṛiṇu me bharatarṣhabha
abhyāsād ramate yatra duḥkhāntaṁ cha nigachchhati
sukham—happiness; tu—but; idānīm—now; tri-vidham—of three kinds; śhṛiṇu—hear; me—from me; bharata-ṛiṣhabha—Arjun, the best of the Bharatas; abhyāsāt—by practice; ramate—rejoices; yatra—in which; duḥkha-antam—end of all suffering; cha—and; nigachchhati—reaches
O Arjuna! and now hear from Me the three-fold pleasure in which man finds delight by habit, and attains to the end of pain.
abhyasat: The Lord declares that divine happiness (Brahmananda) is to be attained by practice. Realisation does not come to man by mere learning of the power of speech. It is a practical science and should be understood by personal experience. Then alone man realises esteemed peace and bliss. Many people ask the question-“How can we realise Atma, transcend pain and suffering, and attain bliss”? The Lord answers the question here. “Practice, and you shall attain that state,” says the Lord. Nothing can be achieved by mere talk and mere study of books. You can get butter only by churning the curd. You can get sweet juice only by crushing the sugar cane. You can get oil only by crushing the seeds. Therefore, by practice alone man can come to the end of pain and attain bliss.
Dukhantam cha nigacchati: This is the fundamental question for all living beings. Where is true joy and how is it to be attained? From the lowest germs and worms up to the creator Brahma, this question is asked, and the answer to this question is escaping mankind in spite of repeated efforts to find it. Where is the place to search for true joy? Is it anywhere in the world? Can these objects of the material universe give it? Can anybody purchase true joy with money or lands or kingdoms? Man is searching for it with all his skill and intelligence. But he is not able to find it anywhere in the material objective world. True joy is only in Atma, in the Divine. Man finds true joy when the mind attains the state of true Sattva. The moment when the mind reaches the Sattvic state, all sorrow comes to an end. So, the Lord’s declaration should be constantly kept in mind, and man should know clearly that all Rajasic and Tamasic tendencies and actions lead to pain and sorrow. Thus knowing, he should strive his best to keep the mind in the Sattvic state and experience the bliss of Atma. By the constant practice of Divine virtues, by eliminating the ego, by constant contemplation of the real Self, man attains true joy which is the very essence of Atma.
Question: What is the threefold pleasure?
Answer: 1. Sattvic; 2. Rajasic; 3. Tamasic.
Question: What is the way to end sorrow?
Answer: Sorrow is transcended by the acquisition of Sattvic purity by constant practice.
Bhagavad Gita: Chapter 18 🔻 (78 Verses)