यदा भूतपृथग्भावमेकस्थमनुपश्यति |
तत एव च विस्तारं ब्रह्म सम्पद्यते तदा || 31||
yadā bhūta-pṛithag-bhāvam eka-stham anupaśhyati
tata eva cha vistāraṁ brahma sampadyate tadā
yadā—when; bhūta—living entities; pṛithak-bhāvam—diverse variety; eka-stham—situated in the same place; anupaśhyati—see; tataḥ—thereafter; eva—indeed; cha—and; vistāram—born from; brahma—Brahman; sampadyate—(they) attain; tadā—then
When he sees that the manifold nature of beings is centred in the One and that all evolution is from that One alone, he becomes one with Brahman.
The manifold universe with all the crores of beings, in it, combining, separating, changing, evolving and so on, is in reality the one Supreme Brahman. In that one, these things exist with the apparent distinction of name and form. What about the waves on the bosom of the ocean? Does they exist separately from the ocean? No. It is the ocean itself, but by name and form they are projected out of the ocean. No one can look upon the wave as having a separate existence apart from the ocean. There may be millions of waves and yet in reality they are ocean, they may come out of the ocean and disappear in the ocean. The ocean exists, the waves come and go. So also, in Paramatma the whole universe appears to exist. It comes out of and merges in Paramatma. He is the Reality. He who understands this mystery attains Brahma Jnana and then becomes Brahman.
Anupasyati: The aspirant should see the Truth clearly and firmly. He should cultivate the vision of oneness in all, till it becomes habitual to him. Thus he attains the state of Brahman. It is not enough to know it as a theory. It should be practised and realised. Then whatever he sees, he discovers it as Brahman in all places and under all circumstances.
Brahma sanpadyate tada: The auspicious moment of self-realisation is declared here. There is no prescribed time limit for it. When he sees that the manifold universe is created in Paramatma and is evolving in Him, when he sees the all-pervading one, minus the name and form – that very moment he attains Brahmajnana and becomes Brahman (The Jiva is dissolved in Brahman and as the residual Reality, Brahman).
From this it follows that seeing the manifold is bondage and ignorance; seeing the One is liberation and knowledge. Therefore the aspirant should transcend name and form which is the cause of manifoldness and establish himself in the vision of the one Absolute ‘sat chit ananda’.
Question: When does man attain Brahman?
Answer: When he knows and sees that the whole manifold universe is placed in Paramatma and is projected for Him, he realises Brahman. That is Brahma Jnana and Moksha.