करणवच्चेत्, न, भोगादिभ्यः ॥ ४० ॥
karaṇavaccet, na, bhogādibhyaḥ || 40 ||
karaṇavat—As the senses; cet—if it be said; na—no; bhogādibhyaḥ—because of enjoyment etc.
40. If it be said (that the Lord rules the Pradhana etc.) even as (the Jiva rules) the senses (which are also not perceived), (we say) no, because of the enjoyment etc.
Even as the individual soul directs the sense-organs which are not perceived, so also we can take that the Lord rules the Pradhana etc.—says the opponent. The analogy is not proper, for in the former case the Jiva is seen to enjoy pleasure, suffer pain, etc., from which we infer that it rules the organs. If the analogy be true, the Lord also would suffer pain and pleasure caused by the Pradhana etc.