मां हि पार्थ व्यपाश्रित्य येऽपि स्यु: पापयोनय: |
स्त्रियो वैश्यास्तथा शूद्रास्तेऽपि यान्ति परां गतिम् || 32||
māṁ hi pārtha vyapāśhritya ye ’pi syuḥ pāpa-yonayaḥ
striyo vaiśhyās tathā śhūdrās te ’pi yānti parāṁ gatim
mām—in Me; hi—certainly; pārtha—Arjun, the son of Pritha; vyapāśhritya—take refuge; ye—who; api—even; syuḥ—may be; pāpa yonayaḥ—of low birth; striyaḥ—women; vaiśhyāḥ—mercantile people; tathā—and; śhūdrāḥ—manual workers; te api—even they; yānti—go; parām—the supreme; gatim—destination
For those who take refuge in Me, Ο Pārtha, though they be of sinful birth— women, vaiśyas, and śudras— even they attain the Supreme Goal.
It is declared that even those of sinful birth attain the Lord by taking refuge in Him. Even they transcend samsara by faith and devotion to the Lord.
Moreover women and people belonging to all castes attain the Supreme goal by taking refuge in the Lord.
Verily no one is debarred from the highest realisation, provided he has decided aright and knows the Lord to be the One Reality. How hopeful and inspiring! No one need feel disheartened on account of the low birth, if he has developed true devotion to the Lord. Caste and creed are of no concern at all for anyone to attain Brahmajnana. This open secret is free for all. Women also are qualified for Brahma Vidya. The universality of the Gita is thus proclaimed to the whole world. The all-inclusive and all-embracing character of the Gita distinguishes it from other sectarian scriptures which deny the right of liberation to certain section of people on account of race, or creed or religion. Merit is the only consideration. All other artificial barriers between man and man are shattered once and for all by the teaching of the Gita.
Purity of mind is the real test of jnana. When the mirror is pure, one can see the reflection clearly. The mirror makes no distinction between the rich and poor, or high and low. Such is Brahmajnana, the birth-right of every being in the universe.
Among women Sabari and the milk-maids of Brindavan, and a host of women-saints have attained the Supreme. Among Vysyas Samadhi and others may be mentioned. The story of Samadhi is found in Markandeya Purana.
Swami Vivekananda Says —
“Women, or vaishyas, or even shudras, all reach the highest goal.” Breaking the bondages of all, the chains of all, declaring liberty to all to reach the highest goal, come the words of the Gita, rolls like thunder the mighty voice of Krishna.[Source]
But one defect which lay in the Advaita was its being worked out so long on the spiritual plane only, and nowhere else; now the time has come when you have to make it practical. It shall no more be a rahasya, a secret, it shall no more live with monks in cave and forests, and in the Himalayas; it must come down to the daily, everyday life of the people; it shall be worked out in the palace of the king, in the cave of the recluse; it shall be worked out in the cottage of the poor, by the beggar in the street, everywhere; anywhere it can be worked out. Therefore do not fear whether you are a woman or a shudra, for this religion is so great, says Lord Krishna, that even a little of it brings a great amount of good.[Source]
Question: What is the state of Paramatma?
Answer: It is the Supreme state. There is nothing higher than that.
Question: Who can attain it?
Answer: Those who take refuge in the Lord attain it.
Question: Is anyone prohibited from this knowledge?
Answer: No. Caste, creed, sex, low-birth these do not stand in the way of a person realising the Supreme.