ज्ञेय: स नित्यसंन्यासी यो न द्वेष्टि न काङ् क्षति |
निर्द्वन्द्वो हि महाबाहो सुखं बन्धात्प्रमुच्यते || 3||
jñeyaḥ sa nitya-sannyāsī yo na dveṣhṭi na kāṅkṣhati
nirdvandvo hi mahā-bāho sukhaṁ bandhāt pramuchyate
jñeyaḥ—should be considered; saḥ—that person; nitya—always; sanyāsī—practising renunciation; yaḥ—who; na—never; dveṣhṭi—hate; na—nor; kāṅkṣhati—desire; nirdvandvaḥ—free from all dualities; hi—certainly; mahā-bāho—mighty-armed one; sukham—easily; bandhāt—from bondage; pramuchyate—is liberated
O Arjuna! He who neither hates nor desires should be known as of eternal renunciation; He who is not subject to the pairs of opposites is easily set free from bondage.
The meaning of Sannyasa is determined here. It signifies the abandoning of likes and dislikes and all the host of the pairs of opposites to which man is subjected every moment of his life. Sannyasa does not mean the abandoning of action.
Thus he who has freed himself from Raga and Dvesha is to be known as Nityasannyasi – the sage of eternal renunciation. The renunciation of others is only of a temporary accidental character. They may wear the ochre robes and appear outwardly to belong to the class of Sannyasins, but so long as their hearts are not tainted with desire and aversion, they are not the sannyasis in the real sense of the term. So, renunciation of the hindering influence of Raga and Dvesha is Sannyasa. Abandoning the pairs of opposites is Sannyasa. Elimination of the internal tendencies is Sannyasa. He who has not these qualities, though he adopts the external form is not really a Sannyasi. He who has these qualities, though he is a householder engaged in a hundred tasks is a real Sannyasi.
Easily set free from bondage: Many people want to know if there is an easy path to salvation. Yes. There is. It is just giving up the selfishness which binds a man to the world by attachment and aversion. Such a man is ‘nirdvandva’. He cuts the knots of Karma easily, though he may be a house-holder performing all the duties of his station in life.
Swami Vivekananda Says —
The whole world is a mere child’s play — preaching, teaching, and all included. “Know him to be the sannyasin who neither hates not desires.” And what is there to be desired in this little mud-puddle of a world, with its ever-recurring misery, disease, and death? “He who has given up all desires, he alone is happy.”[Source]
Question: Who is a Nityasannyasi?
Answer: He who has given up attachment and aversion, who has gone beyond the pairs of opposites, is a Nityasannyasi.
Question: What is the result of transcending the pairs of opposites?
Answer: He is easily freed from the bondage of samsara.
Question: What is the easy path to freedom?
Answer: Giving up all the pairs of opposites is the easiest path to freedom.